Regions

Central West NSW

History

The Central West area was originally inhabited by the Wiradjuri people. The first white explorer, George Wilson Evans, entered the Lachlan Valley in 1815. He named the area the Oxley Plains after his superior the surveyor-general, John Oxley. In 1817 he deemed the area unfit for white settlement. A Military Depot was established not long after at Soldiers Flat near present-day Billimari. Arthur Ranken and James Sloan, from Bathurst, were amongst the first white settlers on the Lachlan. They moved to the area in 1831.

In the 1850s many gold prospectors passed through headed for gold fields at Lambing Flat (Young) and Grenfell.

Terrain

The Central West’s east is higher, wetter and hillier and supports orchards, vineyards, vegetable-growing and pastoralism. The west is flatter and drier and supports grain crops and pastoralism.

Cities and Towns

The Central West includes three cities:

  1. Bathurst
  2. Dubbo
  3. Orange;

four large towns:

  1. Cowra
  2. Mudgee
  3. Parkes
  4. Lithgow

other smaller towns and villages

  • Oberon
  • Forbes
  • Canowindra
  • Cudal
  • Molong
  • Grenfell
  • West Wyalong
  • Condobolin
  • Eugowra.


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